The James River Federal Navigation Project extends from Hampton Roads, Virginia to Richmond, Virginia covering a distance of 90.8 miles. The channel portion of project is currently maintained: 25 feet deep and 300 feet wide from the mouth to Hopewell; 25 feet deep and 200 feet wide from Hopewell to Richmond Deepwater Terminal; and 18 feet deep and 200 feet wide from Deepwater Terminal to the Richmond Lock. A turning basin in Richmond Harbor is currently maintained to 18 feet deep, 200 feet wide and 600 feet long.
The Commonwealth of Virginia is the primary beneficiary of the James River Federal Navigation Project.
The James River Federal Navigation Project was authorized by the River and Harbor Act of 5 July 1884 and modified by the River and Harbor Acts of 13 June 1902, 3 March 1905, 3 July 1930, 26 August 1937, 2 March 1945, 17 May 1950, and 23 October 1962.