The Norfolk District's Emergency Management Office plans for and manages the execution of missions under the guidance of the District Commander and USACE Headquarters.
EMO provides assistance, within its authorities, when natural disasters or other emergencies occur and state / local governments have exceeded their capabilities. EMO's area of responsibility follows the Norfolk District's Civil Works boundary and includes much of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Typical Events in our Area of Responsibility:
Hurricanes & Storm Surge
How We Manage These Disasters
1. Public Law 84-99
Public Law 84-99 is the discretionary authority given to the Corps of Engineers by Congress to act and react to various emergencies including floods, contaminated water sources, drought, or dam failures. This authority also allows the Corps to repair and / or rehabilitate qualified flood-risk management projects, whether constructed by federal or state / local governments. Corps assistance is supplemental to state and local efforts.
The most common support functions performed under PL 84-99 includes flood response / technical assistance; field investigations; rehabilitation and inspection of flood-risk management; shoreline protection projects; emergency water; and hazard mitigation.
All disasters are managed under six of PL 84-99’s category codes, which includes:
100 - Disaster Preparedness
200 - Emergency Operations - “response”
- Flood Response Operations
- Post Flood Response Operation
- Response Operations Events Other Than Floods
300 - Rehab and Inspections - “recovery”
400 - Emergency Water Assistance
500 - Advance Measures
600 - Hazard Mitigation
2. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Assistance Act (Stafford Act), Public Law 93-288, As Amended by PL 100-707
PL 100-707 authorizes FEMA to direct other federal agencies to use their available personnel, supplies, facilities, and other resources to provide assistance to state and local governments in the event of an emergency declaration or major disaster declaration by the President.
Types of FEMA Assistance:
- Individual Assistance
- Public Assistance
- Technical - 100 percent federal cost
- Direct - 75 / 25 federal / local cost share
National Response Framework (NRF):
The NRF is a mechanism used by the government to implement the provisions of the Stafford Act. It establishes a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident management. Through its 15 major Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) it facilitates a coordinated federal response to a disaster.
USACE support through PL 100-707:
Once a Presidential Declaration is made, the Corps may receive ESF#3 mission assignments under FEMA’s Public Assistance program. The NRF identifies the Corps’ missions, including:
- Temporary Emergency Power
- Debris Management
- Temporary Roofing
- Critical Public Facilities and Temporary Housing
- Infrastructure Assessment
- Sub-Tasking to Support Agencies
EMO Support to Military Customers and Overseas Missions:
Over the last decade, support to military customers and overseas missions has increased. The EMO provides support to Corps Field Force Engineering Teams - Base Development Team, Forward Engineer Support Team - Augmentation, and Contingency Real Estate and Environmental support teams. In addition, the Emergency Management Office executes the Corps Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) Program and supports deployments. The main OCO countries being supported at this time includes Afghanistan and Iraq.
Emergency Management Office
803 Front Street
Norfolk, VA 23510-1011