Before support can be provided, local resources must be fully utilized. In response to a Presidential Disaster Declaration, the Federal Emergency Management Agency may task the Corps to provide certain types of assistance. The National Response Framework enable a unified national response to disasters and emergencies, assigning specific duties to each agency. Under Emergency Support Function # 3 of the NRF, the Corps may be tasked by FEMA to provide services.
It should be remembered that the Corps' ability to provide assistance during a disaster is limited. Emergency help is more readily available through local and state emergency management or civil defense agencies, or local police, fire and rescue.
The EMO operates under under Public Law 93-288 (Stafford Act) and Public Law 84-99. Public Law 84-99 authorizes the Corps to undertake disaster preparedness, advance measures and emergency operations, and mandates the existence of the Emergency Management Office. When a disaster either threatens or occurs within district boundaries, additional district employees temporarily leave their regular positions to staff the Emergency Operations Center. At her or his discretion, the district commander may activate the EOC in anticipation of, or in response to, a disaster situation. Because of NAO's vulnerable location on the coast, the EOC must re-locate to a safer inland site if southeastern Virginia is threatened by a hurricane or severe coastal storm. Periodically, the EOC will be activated for unannounced drills in order to fine-tune procedures and sharpen skills before a real disaster occurs.
Other districts within each division may support, debris, power, temporary housing, temporary roofing, or structural assessment teams.
Emergency Operations 803 Front Street Norfolk, VA 23510