The Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal, constructed in 1859, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district. The existing North Landing Bridge is cited in the National Register nomination as a contributing property. Demolition of the bridge is therefore an adverse effect to the historic district. Changes to the landscape of the canal such as the construction of a new bridge may also be adverse effects. High ground areas near the Great Dismal Swamp have proven to have been favorite sites for Native American hunting camps, some dating back thousands of years. Additionally, the term North Landing refers to the location being at the head of navigation of the North River, an important transportation location. The place name is shown on maps dating as early as 1781. USACE is working with the Virginia Department of Historic Resources on a Programmatic Agreement in which USACE will stipulate to measures that will mitigate the adverse effects to the Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal Historic District, to the completion of archaeological surveys, and mitigation through data recovery of effects to any significant archaeological sites that may be identified. The public is invited to submit questions or comments on this process. There is a known small cemetery on the east side of the road. USACE could not obtain the rights of entry for all parcels, and surveys for the remaining areas are ongoing or will be conducted at a later date.